Arugula or Roca is one of the very useful plants rich in nutrients, and arugula can be grown in sandy lands and any type of soil what matters is that it is good at draining water, and given the many benefits of arugula, it is very important to make it a main dish on our table, especially that it is possible to eat arugula or Roca in different ways and multiple methods, which we will explain in detail in the following article, in addition to discussing the methods of growing arugula and explaining more about its multiple benefits and how to use it.

What is arugula (Roca)

Arugula or Roca is a kind of small green plant with dark green leaves and a spicy pungent taste. arugula is usually used as a kind of fresh leafy vegetable in salads and vegetarian dishes. it can also be used as a spice to improve the flavor of other foods or extract arugula oil, which is used for the skin and foods as well.

Arugula can be easily found, it is available in many agricultural and grocery markets, and it is available all year round, Arugula or Roca is widely used in world cuisine, and it can be a tasty and healthy addition to any dietary meal.

The importance of watercress and its nutrients:

Arugula or Roca is a plant with high nutritional benefits, it contains many important nutrients that maintain the health of the body, hence the great importance of arugula, and in the following, we will mention the most important nutrients found in arugula:

1. Vitamins:

Arugula contains many vitamins necessary for the health of the body such as vitamin C, vitamin A, and vitamin K, and these vitamins improve the health of the skin, eyes, and immune system, and of course this is what makes its importance great and makes its use in our dishes important.

2. Minerals:

Watercress contains calcium, potassium, iron, magnesium, and phosphorus, and these minerals play an important role in promoting healthy bones, teeth, and blood.

3. Antioxidants:

The importance of watercress is also shown by the fact that it contains antioxidants that help reduce the damage caused by free radicals in the body, protecting cells from damage.

4. Fibers:

Arugula contains the necessary dietary fiber to improve digestive health, digestion, and absorption.

5. Protein:

Arugula contains proteins that the body needs to build muscle and tissue and maintain a healthy immune system.

The importance of arugula does not stop here, in addition to containing important nutrients, arugula or Roca is a low-calorie and fat plant, which makes it a suitable option for people who follow a low-calorie diet or are trying to lose weight.

How to use watercress:

Arugula can be used in many recipes in many different ways, among the popular ways to use it are:

Arugula salad: Chopped arugula can be added to some other green vegetables, or used as whole leaves to get a delicious and useful arugula salad.

Add watercress to sandwiches.

Add Rocca to soups.

Arugula or Roca can also be used by adding it to meat and fish, to improve its flavor and increase its nutritional value.

Arugula oil: it is an essential oil extracted from arugula that is used in cooking and skin care, arugula oil can be used in cooking instead of other vegetable oils to give a spicy and distinctive flavor to foods, and arugula oil can also be used to prepare sauces, marinades for meat and fish.

Watercress oil is also used for skin care, it is useful for skin health, it helps to moisturize it, improve its texture and give it shine, it also helps to reduce the appearance of dark spots and wrinkles and improve skin elasticity, and watercress oil is also used in natural treatment for many health conditions such as infections, headaches, coughs, colds, sore throats, and it is possible to use watercress oil for hair care and scalp hydration.

How to grow watercress:

Watercress can be easily grown at home, here are the basic steps for growing it:

1. Container selection:

Any container can be used to grow watercress, such as a tray, a pot, or even a perforated plastic bottle.

2. Seed placement:

Arugula seeds are placed in the container and should be covered with a layer of Earth or light sand, taking care to cover them well so that the seeds are approximately 6.5 mm deep.

3. Irrigation:

Watercress should be watered regularly with clean water so that it can grow well, watering in too large quantities should be avoided to avoid sinking the seeds, and it is advisable to water the seeds every two days.

4. Lighting:

It is preferable to place the container in a slightly sunny place or an artificially lit place; to promote the growth of watercress.

5. Harvesting:

Arugula can be harvested about 10-14 days after planting when it reaches a suitable size, after which the leaves are cut with scissors or a knife, arugula can also be grown with special planting bags available in the markets, these bags contain the special mixture for cultivation and provide an ideal environment for the growth of arugula.

Arugula cannot be grown from leaves, as mentioned, arugula is grown from its seeds, and when it is planted, it can be grown all year round, it can be grown indoors in a mild and warm climate, and outdoors in spring and summer, and autumn in areas with a temperate climate.

Temperature, lighting, humidity, and ventilation must be taken into account when planting arugula, suitable conditions must be provided for its growth and flowering, and natural organic materials such as compost and compost can be used to improve the growth of arugula and make it healthier and more nutritious.

In conclusion:

In this article, we got acquainted with the arugula or Roca plant. We also touched on the importance of arugula and its nutritional elements and the need to contain arugula on our table from time to time, especially since the methods of using it with foods are many and varied. finally, we got acquainted with the method of growing arugula plants. instead of going to buy it from the markets, you can grow it yourself, knowing that growing arugula is not a difficult process and does not require much effort.

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